Census Bureau 2020 data shows U.S. population diversification and shift to downtown areas

Over the past decade, the United States has taken notable steps into a new era: the stock economy has exploded with the rise of companies like AirBnB and Uber; same-sex marriage has been legalized in all 50 states; women’s rights activists took to the streets for the biggest women’s march in history; and, according to data released by the US Census Bureau, the country’s population has become much more diverse.

Driven in part by changes in the way data was collected, the Census Bureau reported on Friday that while the white population remained the largest race or ethnic group (235.4 million people), the percentage of respondents who identified themselves only as white declined 8.6 percent (204.3 million).

Those who identified as multiracial increased by 276%, from 9 million to 33.8 million people.

Likewise, people who identified themselves as “another race” or “in combination” with another race “increased by 129% (49.9 million), overtaking the black or African American population (46.9 million). ) as the second largest breed alone or in a combined group. “, According to an analysis of the office.

The Hispanic or Latino population was just over 60 million, up 23 percent from 2010. The second largest population identified as Asian (24 million); the fourth was American Indian and native of Alaska (9.7 million); followed by indigenous Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (1.6 million).

Along with diversification, data shows Americans are moving from more rural areas to urban and suburban centers: “Less than half of the country’s 3,143 counties or equivalents grew in population from 2010 to 2020, while populations approximately increased over the period, ”the office report said. “Eighty-six percent of the US population lived in metropolitan statistical areas, up from 85% in 2010.”

Specifically, 312 of the 384 metropolitan areas in the United States saw their populations increase, while 72 saw a decline. Notably, the regions that experienced the greatest population increases were in the south and west.

Five counties added at least 300,000 people: Harris County, Texas (Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land); Maricopa County, Arizona (Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler); King County, Washington (Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue); Clark County, Nevada (Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise); and Tarrant County, Texas (Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington).

Five other regions have crossed the million-population threshold: Grand Rapids-Kentwood, Michigan; Tucson, Arizona; Urban Honolulu; Tulsa, Oklahoma; and Fresno, California.

As in the previous census, Los Angeles County in California is the largest county in the United States, according to the analysis, “crossing the 10 million mark between 2010 and 2020”. New York City remains the largest city with 8.8 million inhabitants.

The fastest growing region was The Villages, Florida, from about 93,000 people to 130,000, or nearly 40%. Regions that closely followed The Villages included: Austin-Round Rock-Georgetown, Texas; Saint-Georges, Utah; Greeley, Colorado; and Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

And of the 72 metropolitan areas that lost population, the ones with the highest percentage decline were Pine Bluff, Ark., At minus 12.5 and Danville, Illinois, which saw a drop of 9.1. %. This population decline, as was the case in most counties, indicates a general slowdown in population growth in the United States.

“As we’ve seen in our annual population estimates, our country is growing more slowly than ever before,” said Marc Perry, senior demographer at the Census Bureau. “This decline is evident at the local level where about 52% of counties in the United States have seen their 2020 census populations decline from their 2010 census populations.”

Over the past decade, the nation has grown at its slowest pace since the 1930s, the office reports.

This could be due to the country’s declining fertility rate, which analysis notes is a continuous trend since 2007. And with fewer births, the percentage of young people in the country is declining. Under-18s numbered 73.1 million in the last census, down 1.4% from the 74.2 million young people surveyed in 2010.

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